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Trutech/Procare 700R4 4L60E High Performance Servo and 2-4 Band

The servo assembly and 2-4 band are located in the front part of the transmission and are applied in second and fourth gears. In third gear range, the servo assembly releases the band and acts as an accumulator for the 3-4 clutch apply circuit. The band is held stationary to the transmission case by the band anchor pin and wraps around the reverse input housing. When applied by the servo assembly, the 2-4 band holds the reverse input housing preventing it's rotation.
To apply the 2-4 band in second gear, 2nd clutch fluid is routed to the apply side of the second apply piston. Second clutch fluid pressure moves the piston against the servo cushion and servo return spring forces. These spring forces help cushion the 2-4 band apply in second gear. The second apply piston moves the apply pin to compress the band around the reverse input housing.
In third gear, 3rd accumulator fluid is routed to the release side of the second apply piston. The release side of the 2nd apply piston is the side facing the transmission when installed. The surface area on the release side of the second apply piston and servo cushion plate is greater than the surface area that 2nd clutch fluid pressure covers on the apply side of the piston. Therefore, the force from the 3rd accumulator fluid pressure, in addition to servo return spring force, overcomes the force of 2nd clutch fluid pressure. The 2nd apply piston then moves the apply pin away from the 2-4 band to release the band from the input housing.
Third accumulator fluid is fed by 3-4 clutch fluid which is used to apply the 3-4 clutch. The movement of the 2nd apply piston against 2nd clutch fluid pressure acts as an accumulator to absorb initial 3-4 clutch apply fluid. This action helps cushion the 3-4 clutch apply, as well as the 2-4 band release.
In fourth gear, 4th fluid is routed through the center of the apply pin and acts on the apply side of the 4th apply piston. The apply side of the 4th piston is the side facing the servo cover when installed. Fourth fluid pressure moves the 4th apply piston and apply pin to apply the band. The 4th apply piston moves against the 4th apply spring to help cushion the band apply in fourth gear.
As you can see from the operation of the servo the size of the apply area is very important to the apply and release of the 2-4 band. Each time the band is applied or released in 2nd thru 4th gear it is because the larger apply area overcame the fluid pressure of a smaller apply area. In hydraulics the larger the apply area the greater the holding force. In a high performance transmission we want larger apply servos and more holding force on our clutches and bands.
There are (3) three popular servos for high performance applications. There is the factory style corvette servo, the Superior billet 2nd and 4th apply servos and the Sonnax 2nd and 4th apply servos. In the 2nd apply servo category the corvette servo has the smallest apply area of the three. The Sonnax comes in next with an approximate increase of 18 percent over the corvette servo and then the Superior 2nd apply servo is the largest with an increase of approximately 35 percent over the corvette servo. There is one drawback to a larger 2nd apply piston, if you remember, the 3rd accumulator fluid has to overcome the 2nd apply pressure to release the band. That means, with the Superior billet servo the 3rd accumulator fluid has a more difficult time overcoming the 2nd apply pressure because the apply areas are similar in size. The superior servo comes with a heavier return spring to assist in releasing the band. In the 4th servo category the Sonnax 4th servo has the largest apply area, because of its dual piston design, with a 40 percent increase over the factory piston. The Superior 4th servo has a 10 percent increase in apply area.
In a transmission that will be driven daily and with an engine that does not exceed 450hp the corvette servo would be my choice. In a daily driver, this servo's 2nd band apply will be more comfortable and the holding power will be sufficient. If you want more holding power in your daily driver go with the Sonnax 2nd servo. The Sonnax "super hold" 4th servo would be my choice with either of these 2nd apply servos for a strong 4th gear (especially in trucks used for towing). For racing or in applications with engines over 500hp my choice would be the Superior billet 2nd and 4th servos.
There are several bands available for these transmissions. The band friction material is the single most important factor in choosing a band for your high performance transmission. There are (3) three different friction materials to consider for high performance, the high energy friction band, the Alto Red Eagle lining and the carbon lined band. There is also the choice of band width, Alto products has developed the Alto power band which increases band width by 25 percent. also, Alto increased anchor thickness on these bands to prevent premature failure. The Borg Warner standard width high energy band is an excellent choice for your stock or mildly modified rebuild. For your high performance applications I recommend the Alto Red Eagle or Alto carbon lined bands. If you plan to use the extra wide Alto bands I strongly recommend replacing the reverse input drum to give the wide band a new surface to grab. If replacing the drum is not in your plans I do stock the standard width Alto red eagle and carbon lined bands. If you have any questions about servos or bands please contact me.
All Sonnax, Superior, Alto and Borg Warner servos and bands are available in my online store.
No purchase is required.
Our contact information.
Call 1-800-762-9846 Inside USA.
1-334-577-4400 Outside USA.
Thank you for for choosing Trutech/Procare Performance Transmission.